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#1




Radiation Pressure&Photon Speculations
In the wave theory of light, the pressure due to radiation
falling on a material body is explained as electromagnetic momentum delivered to the body by the incident waves. But there is no medium for waves(Michelson Morely) and so the theory is just another crackpot theory. (The energy produced by a source of radiation around it in a volume of space, dxdydz, is written as u=(1/2)(eE^2 + mH^2) where E is in Volts/meter or Newtons per Coulomb and H is in Ampere turns per meter, attributable whatever the actual source to n circles of wire per meter carrying a current of I Amperes.. This energy travels at a speed v=c/((eta_m)(mu_m))1/2 where eta_m and mu_m are the dielectric constant and the magnetic permeability of the medium relative to a vacuum so in free space, eta = eta_0 and mu = mu_0 and v=c.. The Poynting vector ,P = E X H in Joules per square meter per second is the energy traveling through a surface perpendicular to the direction of the vector P and so g = (1/c^2) (E X H) in kilograms per sec per square meter is the pressure on that surface. Since E and H are at right angles to each other always, g=(1/c^2)EH =(1/c^2)E^2/(eta_0 /mu_0)^1/2 = E^2/c. Thus in free space, em waves carry momentum equal to the energy that they carry divided by the speed of light. It is as if energy W had a mass W/c^2 and were moving at a speed c.) In the photon theory of light, the pressure due to radiation falling on a material body is explained by saying that the energy W, indeed has a mass of W/c^2 and that the energy can be written as hf so that the momentum p=hf/c^2 times c, or p= h/lambda. The greater the frequency and the greater the number of photons, the greater is the pressure. But there is no measureable mass of the proton apart from this assertion so this is just another crackpot theory. In the proposed theory, the pressure due to the light source on the receiver is attributed to instantaneous forces between the oscillations of charge in the source and the induced oscillations of charge in the receiver. The delay in the effect is due to a buildup of cumulative forces inside the receiver. Consider first the simpler case of radio frequencies in a powered vertical source antenna acting on a passive parallel vertical receiving antenna. The resulting antiparallel oscillations of charge in the two antennas produce a varying but always attractive force between the two antennas. But associated with the varying longitudinal electric fields in each antenna are transverse electrostatic dipole fields where the dipoles are proportional to the longitudinal fields and to the distance between the source antenna and the receiver antenna. That is, these inverse fourth power electrostatic dipole fields are equivalent to inverse square magnetic fields. These varying transverse electrostatic dipoles are anticollinear, oriented along the same line in opposite directions and so repel each other. The force of repulsion is greater the greater the velocity of the free electrons and the greater the force and duration of the force acting on the lattice nuclei between thermal collisions. Since the force between collinear dipoles is twice as strong as the force between parallel dipoles as shown in the section on Ampere's Formula and Transverse Electrostatic Dipoles, the net force on the antennas is one of repulsion. Let's consider now higher frequencies which are produced by the excitation of bound electrons in atoms and molecules and by accelerations or decelerations of electrons and ions in man made and non man made accelerators eg in extraterrestrial plasmas etc. As electrons move from a ground state to a metastable state and fall back to the ground state their radiation is not cancelled and electrostatic dipoles are produced in the electrons transverse to their velocity. In a vertically polarized laser source many such oscillations are in phase and their transverse dipoles are in phase The greater the frequency of oscillation of the electrons moving between bound states etc., the greater the velocity, and so just as in the case of free electrons moving in radio antennas at much lower frequencies, dipoles transverse to the movement are produced inside the electrons proportional to their velocity. The energy supposedly in the moving photon before it produces an oscillation in the receiver material and the recoil as just described is in reality in the receiver material but of a magnitude which has not yet reached the magnitude required to produce an observable recoil or transition of the bound electron to a wider metastable orbit. 
#2




Radiation Pressure&Photon Speculations
"ralph sansbury" wrote in message ... In the wave theory of light, the pressure due to radiation falling on a material body is explained as electromagnetic momentum delivered to the body by the incident waves. But there is no medium for waves(Michelson Morely) and so the theory is just another crackpot theory. (The energy produced by a source of radiation around it in a volume of space, dxdydz, is written as u=(1/2)(eE^2 + mH^2) where E is in Volts/meter or Newtons per Coulomb and H is in Ampere turns per meter, attributable whatever the actual source to n circles of wire per meter carrying a current of I Amperes.. This energy travels at a speed v=c/((eta_m)(mu_m))1/2 where eta_m and mu_m are the dielectric constant and the magnetic permeability of the medium relative to a vacuum so in free space, eta = eta_0 and mu = mu_0 and v=c.. The Poynting vector ,P = E X H in Joules per square meter per second is the energy traveling through a surface perpendicular to the direction of the vector P and so g = (1/c^2) (E X H) in kilograms per sec per square meter is the pressure on that surface. Since E and H are at right angles to each other always, g=(1/c^2)EH =(1/c^2)E^2/(eta_0 /mu_0)^1/2 = E^2/c. Thus in free space, em waves carry momentum equal to the energy that they carry divided by the speed of light. It is as if energy W had a mass W/c^2 and were moving at a speed c.) In the photon theory of light, the pressure due to radiation falling on a material body is explained by saying that the energy W, indeed has a mass of W/c^2 and that the energy can be written as hf so that the momentum p=hf/c^2 times c, or p= h/lambda. The greater the frequency and the greater the number of photons, the greater is the pressure. But there is no measureable mass of the proton apart from this assertion so this is just another crackpot theory. In the proposed theory, the pressure due to the light source on the receiver is attributed to instantaneous forces between the oscillations of charge in the source and the induced oscillations of charge in the receiver. The delay in the effect is due to a buildup of cumulative forces inside the receiver. Consider first the simpler case of radio frequencies in a powered vertical source antenna acting on a passive parallel vertical receiving antenna. The resulting antiparallel oscillations of charge in the two antennas produce a varying but always attractive force between the two antennas. But associated with the varying longitudinal electric fields in each antenna are transverse electrostatic dipole fields where the dipoles are proportional to the longitudinal fields and to the distance between the source antenna and the receiver antenna. That is, these inverse fourth power electrostatic dipole fields are equivalent to inverse square magnetic fields. These varying transverse electrostatic dipoles are anticollinear, oriented along the same line in opposite directions and so repel each other. The force of repulsion is greater the greater the velocity of the free electrons and the greater the force and duration of the force acting on the lattice nuclei between thermal collisions. Since the force between collinear dipoles is twice as strong as the force between parallel dipoles as shown in the section on Ampere's Formula and Transverse Electrostatic Dipoles, the net force on the antennas is one of repulsion. Let's consider now higher frequencies which are produced by the excitation of bound electrons in atoms and molecules and by accelerations or decelerations of electrons and ions in man made and non man made accelerators eg in extraterrestrial plasmas etc. As electrons move from a ground state to a metastable state and fall back to the ground state their radiation is not cancelled and electrostatic dipoles are produced in the electrons transverse to their velocity. In a vertically polarized laser source many such oscillations are in phase and their transverse dipoles are in phase The greater the frequency of oscillation of the electrons moving between bound states etc., the greater the velocity, and so just as in the case of free electrons moving in radio antennas at much lower frequencies, dipoles transverse to the movement are produced inside the electrons proportional to their velocity. The energy supposedly in the moving photon before it produces an oscillation in the receiver material and the recoil as just described is in reality in the receiver material but of a magnitude which has not yet reached the magnitude required to produce an observable recoil or transition of the bound electron to a wider metastable orbit. 
#3




Radiation Pressure&Photon Speculations
A typo correction "(The energy produced by a source of
radiation around an volume of space, dxdydz is written as u=(1/2)(etaE^2+muH^2)..." "ralph sansbury" wrote in message ... "ralph sansbury" wrote in message ... In the wave theory of light, the pressure due to radiation falling on a material body is explained as electromagnetic momentum delivered to the body by the incident waves. But there is no medium for waves(Michelson Morely) and so the theory is just another crackpot theory. (The energy produced by a source of radiation around it in a volume of space, dxdydz, is written as u=(1/2)(eE^2 + mH^2) where E is in Volts/meter or Newtons per Coulomb and H is in Ampere turns per meter, attributable whatever the actual source to n circles of wire per meter carrying a current of I Amperes.. This energy travels at a speed v=c/((eta_m)(mu_m))1/2 where eta_m and mu_m are the dielectric constant and the magnetic permeability of the medium relative to a vacuum so in free space, eta = eta_0 and mu = mu_0 and v=c.. The Poynting vector ,P = E X H in Joules per square meter per second is the energy traveling through a surface perpendicular to the direction of the vector P and so g = (1/c^2) (E X H) in kilograms per sec per square meter is the pressure on that surface. Since E and H are at right angles to each other always, g=(1/c^2)EH =(1/c^2)E^2/(eta_0 /mu_0)^1/2 = E^2/c. Thus in free space, em waves carry momentum equal to the energy that they carry divided by the speed of light. It is as if energy W had a mass W/c^2 and were moving at a speed c.) In the photon theory of light, the pressure due to radiation falling on a material body is explained by saying that the energy W, indeed has a mass of W/c^2 and that the energy can be written as hf so that the momentum p=hf/c^2 times c, or p= h/lambda. The greater the frequency and the greater the number of photons, the greater is the pressure. But there is no measureable mass of the proton apart from this assertion so this is just another crackpot theory. In the proposed theory, the pressure due to the light source on the receiver is attributed to instantaneous forces between the oscillations of charge in the source and the induced oscillations of charge in the receiver. The delay in the effect is due to a buildup of cumulative forces inside the receiver. Consider first the simpler case of radio frequencies in a powered vertical source antenna acting on a passive parallel vertical receiving antenna. The resulting antiparallel oscillations of charge in the two antennas produce a varying but always attractive force between the two antennas. But associated with the varying longitudinal electric fields in each antenna are transverse electrostatic dipole fields where the dipoles are proportional to the longitudinal fields and to the distance between the source antenna and the receiver antenna. That is, these inverse fourth power electrostatic dipole fields are equivalent to inverse square magnetic fields. These varying transverse electrostatic dipoles are anticollinear, oriented along the same line in opposite directions and so repel each other. The force of repulsion is greater the greater the velocity of the free electrons and the greater the force and duration of the force acting on the lattice nuclei between thermal collisions. Since the force between collinear dipoles is twice as strong as the force between parallel dipoles as shown in the section on Ampere's Formula and Transverse Electrostatic Dipoles, the net force on the antennas is one of repulsion. Let's consider now higher frequencies which are produced by the excitation of bound electrons in atoms and molecules and by accelerations or decelerations of electrons and ions in man made and non man made accelerators eg in extraterrestrial plasmas etc. As electrons move from a ground state to a metastable state and fall back to the ground state their radiation is not cancelled and electrostatic dipoles are produced in the electrons transverse to their velocity. In a vertically polarized laser source many such oscillations are in phase and their transverse dipoles are in phase The greater the frequency of oscillation of the electrons moving between bound states etc., the greater the velocity, and so just as in the case of free electrons moving in radio antennas at much lower frequencies, dipoles transverse to the movement are produced inside the electrons proportional to their velocity. The energy supposedly in the moving photon before it produces an oscillation in the receiver material and the recoil as just described is in reality in the receiver material but of a magnitude which has not yet reached the magnitude required to produce an observable recoil or transition of the bound electron to a wider metastable orbit. 
#4




Radiation Pressure&Photon Speculations

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