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NASA Mars Rover Ready for Descent Into Crater

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Old July 2nd 07, 01:32 AM posted to sci.space.policy
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Default NASA Mars Rover Ready for Descent Into Crater

On Jul 1, 5:06 pm, wrote:
June 28, 2007

Dwayne Brown/Tabatha Thompson
Headquarters, Washington

Guy Webster
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.

RELEASE: 07-146


WASHINGTON - NASA's Mars rover Opportunity is scheduled to begin a
descent down a rock-paved slope into the Red Planet's massive
Victoria Crater. This latest trek carries real risk for the
long-lived robotic explorer, but NASA and the Mars Rover science team
expect it to provide valuable science.

Opportunity already has been exploring layered rocks in cliffs around
Victoria Crater. The team has planned the descent carefully to enable
an eventual exit, but Opportunity could become trapped inside the
crater or lose some capabilities. The rover has operated more than 12
times longer than its originally intended 90 days.

The scientific allure is the chance to examine and investigate the
compositions and textures of exposed materials in the crater's depths
for clues about ancient, wet environments. As the rover travels
farther down the slope, it will be able to examine increasingly older
rocks in the exposed walls of the crater.

"While we take seriously the uncertainty about whether Opportunity
will climb back out, the potential value of investigations that
appear possible inside the crater convinced me to authorize the team
to move forward into Victoria Crater," said Alan Stern, NASA
associate administrator, Science Mission Directorate, NASA
Headquarters, Washington. "It is a calculated risk worth taking,
particularly because this mission has far exceeded its original

The robotic geologist will enter Victoria Crater through an alcove
named Duck Bay. The eroding crater has a scalloped rim of cliff-like
promontories, or capes, alternating with more gently sloped alcoves,
or bays.

A meteor impact millions of years ago excavated Victoria, which lies
approximately 4 miles south of where Opportunity landed in January
2004. The impact-created bowl is half a mile across and about five
times as wide as Endurance Crater, where Opportunity spent more than
six months exploring in 2004.

The rover began the journey to Victoria from Endurance 30 months ago.
It reached the rim at Duck Bay nine months ago. Opportunity then
drove approximately a quarter of the way clockwise around the rim,
examining rock layers visible in the promontories and possible entry
routes in the alcoves. Now, the rover has returned to the most
favorable entry point.

"Duck Bay looks like the best candidate for entry," said John Callas,
rover project manager, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena,
Calif. "It has slopes of 15 to 20 degrees and exposed bedrock for
safe driving."

If all of its six wheels continue working, engineers expect
Opportunity to be able to climb back out of the crater. However,
Opportunity's twin rover Spirit lost the use of one wheel more than a
year ago, diminishing its climbing ability.

"These rovers are well past their design lifetimes, and another wheel
could fail on either rover at any time," Callas said. "If Opportunity
were to lose the use of a wheel inside Victoria Crater, it would make
it very difficult, perhaps impossible, to climb back out."

"We don't want this to be a one-way trip," said Steve Squyres,
principal investigator for the rovers' science instruments, Cornell
University, Ithaca, N.Y. "We still have some excellent science
targets out on the plains that we would like to visit after Victoria.
But if Opportunity becomes trapped there, it will be worth the
knowledge gained."

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the Mars Exploration Rover
project for NASA's Science Mission Directorate.

For more information on the Mars Rovers, visit:


Visuals describing this decision and the anticipated science can be
viewed at:



BEFORE descending into Vistoria crater...from which they admit they
might not make it out..they should investigate and get close up images
of the feaure just to left of Duck bay in the image:


Here is a 3D image of this 'Sputnik Crater' from the rover itself...


The rover needs to go around this crater and look inside BEFORE it
goes down into Victoria...after then...it may well be too late to
really study this odd feature on the entrance to the long road down
into Vistoria...would like going into a home without first looking
around at the porch.



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