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The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Obviously False



 
 
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  #1  
Old February 10th 19, 11:34 AM posted to sci.astro
Pentcho Valev
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Default The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Obviously False

Triply distilled water in an electric field undergoes turbulent motion:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_c...&v=17UD1goTFhQ

The motion can do work, e.g. by rotating a waterwheel. This work will be done at the expense of

(A) electric energy?

(B) ambient heat?

The correct answer is (B) - the second law of thermodynamics is false.

Note that the water is triply distilled so that the current is reduced to minimum - obviously the current cannot be responsible for the work done. Moreover, the motion starts before the bridge is formed - this implies that the motion can only be powered by ambient heat.

Godfathers killed physics in more than one way:

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DmP7MrTWsAMFHwx.png

Pentcho Valev
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  #2  
Old February 10th 19, 08:33 PM posted to sci.astro
Pentcho Valev
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Posts: 6,948
Default The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Obviously False

If a catalyst affects the forward and the reverse reactions differently - e..g. accelerates one more than the other - then the second law of thermodynamics is violated. Here the catalyst speeds up the forward but SUPPRESSES the reverse reaction:

https://images.nature.com/m685/natur...mms3500-f1.jpg

Unidirectional suppression of hydrogen oxidation on oxidized platinum clusters
https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms3500

An analogous violation of the second law:

"In 2000, a simple, foundational thermodynamic paradox was proposed: a sealed blackbody cavity contains a diatomic gas and a radiometer whose apposing vane surfaces dissociate and recombine the gas to different degrees (A_2 ⇌ 2A). As a result of differing desorption rates for A and A_2 , there arise between the vane faces permanent pressure and temperature differences, either of which can be harnessed to perform work, in apparent conflict with the second law of thermodynamics. Here we report on the first experimental realization of this paradox, involving the dissociation of low-pressure hydrogen gas on high-temperature refractory metals (tungsten and rhenium) under blackbody cavity conditions. The results, corroborated by other laboratory studies and supported by theory, confirm the paradoxical temperature difference and point to physics beyond the traditional understanding of the second law." https://link.springer.com/article/10...701-014-9781-5

Pentcho Valev
 




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